Unit 1 Language in mission
Text A An impressive English lesson
Ex.1 Understanding the text
1、Because he is tired of listening to his father and he is not interested in grammar rules.
2、The civilization of Greece and the glory of Roman architecture are so marvelous and remarkable that they should be described at least in a brief account; however, what the student could do was only one single utterance :“whoa!” without any any specific comment.
3、Because the schools fail to set high standards of language proficiency. They only teach a little grammar and less advanced vocabulary. And the younger teachers themselves have little knowledge of the vital structures of language.
4、Because teaching grammar is not an easy job and most of the students will easily get bored if it’s not properly dealt with.
5、He familiarized his son with different parts of speech in a sentence and discussed their specific grammatical functions including how to use adverbs to describe verbs.
6、Because the son had never heard about the various names and functions of words in an English sentence before.
7、The author uses “road map”and “car”to describe grammar and vocabulary. Here,“road map”is considered as grammar and “car”as vocabulary.
8、Since the subjunctive mood his son used is a fairly advanced grammar structure, the interjection“whoa!”reflects the tremendous pride the father had toward his son; it also reflects the author’s humor in using the word because it was once used by his student, though in two different situations and with two different feelings. Ex.3 Words in use
1.condense 2.exceed 3.deficit 4.exposure 5.asset
6.adequate 7.competent 8.adjusting 9.precisely 10.beneficial Ex.4 Word building -al/-ial: managerial/editorial/substance/survival/tradition/margin -cy : consistency/accuracy/efficient -y : recovery/ministry/assembly Ex.5 Word building
1.editorial 2.recovery 3.accuracy 4.substance 5.managerial
6.margin 7.assembly 8.Ministry 9.survival 10.tradition 11.consistency 12.efficient Ex.6 Banked cloze 1-5: L C J A I 6-10: O N E H F Ex.7 Expressions in use
1.feel obliged to 2.be serious about 3.run into 4.distinguish between 5.thrust upon 6.was allergic to 7.get lost 8.be attracted to 9.make sense 10.looked upon as Ex.8 Structured writing
Some bookworms in my dormitory often spend hours reading their “Bible”, Practical English Grammar, and do a lot of exercises in that book , but I don’t care about it at all. My assumption is
since I have never learned Chinese grammar, what’s the sense of learning English grammar? In fact, English grammar has always been a big headache to me.
English grammar is very complicated because, unlike Chinese, there are many verb tenses. Even stranger than verb tenses, English grammar also contains something very confusing. For example, I don’t remember how many times my middle school teacher tried to“impose”the differences between used to and be used to on us. Sometimes he would go on with the explanation for 20 minutes or so. He even summarized the differences by listing three or four points for us to memorize. However, they could never stay in my head . I don’t remember how many times I got it wrong with the sentences containing used to or be used to on my exams . I was really confused with these two phrases,and I can never get them right.
In brief, I’m allergic to learning English grammar. Curiously, I just wonder if the native speakers of English have a microcomputer in their brain to help them utter the two phrases promptly with just a click of their brain mouse! Ex.9 E-C Translation
Ex.10 C-E Translation
Chinese calligraphy is a unique art and the unique art treasure in the world. The formation and development of the Chinese calligraphy is closely related to the emergence and evolution of Chinese characters. In this long evolutionary process, Chinese characters have not only played an important role in exchanging ideas and transmitting culture but also developed into a unique art form. Calligraphic
works well reflect calligraphers’ personal feelings, knowledge, self-cultivation, personality, and so forth, thus there is an expression that “seeing the calligrapher’s handwriting is like seeing the person”. As one of the treasures of Chinese culture, Chinese calligraphy shines splendidly in the world’s treasure house of culture and art.
Text B The great journey of learning
2. Understanding the text
D. 2. A 3. C 4. A 5. C 6. B 7. C 8. D 4. Words in use
mysterious 2. desperate 3. devise 4. negotiate 5. recalled 6. specifically 7. depict 8. Ignorance 9. Expand 10 confusion 5. Expressions in use
apply to 2. in a bid to 3. end up 4. speaking of
5. get hold of 6. appealed to 7. leaving ..behind 8. focus on EX. 6 Sentence structure .
even though it is important of the students to have a deep understanding of the texts, it doesn’t make any sense to read texts word for word from the beginning to the end
as it is a matter of little importance to us, it doesn’t make much sense to argue out which is wrong or right or which is better or worse
it makes no sense to compel children to obey their parents; instead, we should try to tell them what is right and what is wrong. EX. 7.
II might as well have stayed at home.
We might as well have taken the train home So he might as well have told me all about it . Collocation: Warm-up
essential framework 2. distinctive difference 3 high standards
4 valuable possessions 5 considerable frustration 6 acquire knowledge 7 overcome deficiencies 8 sketch thoughts 9 devise a scheme Ex. 8
1 essential framework 2 proper vocabulary 3 excellent control 4 language deficit 5 high standards 6 language proficiency 7 acquire knowledge
8 competent communication 9 overcome deficiencies 10 sketch thoughts 11 effective communication 12 advanced vocabulary
Unit 2 College-The ladder to success Text A The humanities: Out of date?
1. because English or history majors are considered less competitive when the job market is shrinking, and they have to study something that can help them more easily locate their future jobs.
2. because as the tuition is climbing higher and higher, many students have run away from studying the humanities and toward “hard” skills that they think will lead to employment.
3. since more students are now taking job-oriented courses, libraries, where students of liberal arts used to study, are getting less popular than before; in contrast, labs are getting more eye-catching because students of science and engineering do experiments and research there.
4. because this inner drive that can be either constructive or destructive is so mysterious and powerful that it has attracted many people to speculate on it. From ancient times, these men and women developed artistic “languages” in the form of story, music, myth, painting, architecture, sculpture, landscape and traditions, which from the very foundation of civilization.
5. Studying the humanities improves your ability to read and write, makes you familiar with the language of emotion and the creative process, and, more importantly, provides you with a wide scope of possibilities that are open to you.
6. Because in modern life, an ideal capacity for establishing one’s career is to have both technical knowledge and inner insight, not just one without the other.
7. “Well-rounded human beings” are those who have insight and understand the passions, hopes and dreams common to all humanity.
8. Since many people who once studied the humanities became famous in their career, the author implies that if students spend more time studying the humanities, they could surely become successful in the future as well. Language focus 3
1. promotes 2. accelerate 3. mystery 4. insight 5. boost 6. analysis 7. calculate 8. barriers 9. destruction 10. prospect 4
Promising Bearing Housing Objective Offend Exclude Excess Execute Intensify Identity 5
1. excess 2. bearing 3. objective 4. intensify 5. execute 6. promising 7. exclude 8. identity 9 offend 10. housing 6.
1-5 CHDJB 6-10 LMGFA 7
1. are liable to 2. in favor of 3. is bound to
4. speculate about 5. invested…with 6. stand up for 7. in the form of 8. prepared for 9. in the company of 10 in succession 9
In recent years, with the development of Internet technology, the construction of digital education resources of our country has made great achievements. Many universities have set up their own digital learning platforms, and digital teaching is playing an increasingly important role in education. Compared with the traditional way of teaching, the digital way has a lot of advantages. On one hand, digital teaching makes global sharing of teaching resources possible; on the other hand, it expands the learner’s study time and space to learn, allowing people to get access to the digital virtual schools through the Internet anytime and anywhere. These advantages make it possible for people to shift from one-time learning to lifelong learning.
Unit 2 Text B What college bring us? Ex 1
1. Main idea: College has never been magical for everyone.
Major detail: More high school graduates don’t fit the pattern of college.
2. Main idea： We need to revise our attitudes and reform the system. Major detail: we only judge things based on our own college experiences.
3. Main idea: College education seems to have wasted time and accumulated debt.
Major detail: Close to 80 percent of new jobs can be performed by someone without a college degree. Ex.2
1C 2D 3C 4A 5D 6B 7B 8A Ex.3
1. It’s very true because the job market is becoming more competitive. Yes, without a college degree, one can end up with nothing to do.
Sure, college brings students knowledge and personal growth.
No, it’s not necessary to get a college degree to have a better career. Disagree, college is too expensive now for students and family to afford. 2. More competitive. More knowledgeable. More confident. More opportunities. 3. Traditional ideology. More promising future.
High expectations of their children.
4. Worth their money because it’s an investment that will pay off later. A waste of their money because the tuition is too high. Not sure if they’ll profit from the large sum they invested. 5. Analytical ability. Critical thing skills. Broad knowledge. Ex.4
1. enroll 2 revise 3accumulate 4 accorded 5 evaluate 6. prime 7 confirm 8 shrinking 9 sufficient 10 recruit Ex.5
1. bother to 2.is available to 3. been compelled to 4.described…as 4. exposed…to 6.rather than 7 have something to do with 8 for its own sake Ex.6
1. A teacher, no matter how knowledgeable he is, cannot teach his students everything they want to know.
2. No matter where you travel, you can always find someone to communicate with in English since English is an important language.
3. No matter what work a person is doing, if he gives it his best each day, he creates lots of happiness for himself. Ex.7
1. Although the number of applications is small, there is little doubt that the program will help the students who really need financial aid.
2. There is no doubt that computer crime is a very serious problem, so people think that all hackers
need to be punished for their actions.
3. Though the boy worked very hard and finally successfully passed the exam, there is no doubt that overwork and too much worry caused his illness. Ex.8 1 promising 2 worsens 3 shrinking 4 dominant 5 land 6 great
7 well-rounded 8 creative 9 elegant 10 constructive 11 skills 12 make
Unit 3 Discovery of a new life stage Text A Ex.1
1. Because people in different life stages are confronted with different problems and setbacks and each group of people in a particular time period have their particular worries and pains.
2.The norm refers to the general consensus that as soon as students graduated from college, they would enter adulthood and be able to find an ideal job leading to their career.
3. They are recognized as a new life stage that comes after high school graduation, continues through college and leads to starting a family and having a career.
4. Because nowadays so many young people are following this new lifestyle that it has become a trend. As long as the economic situation continues its long slide, this new stage is unavoidable. 5. Unlike their parents, a large number of young people are now delaying marriage, child bearing, and even employment during their odyssey years.
6. They often resent the pressure they’re feeling and keep a distance from their parents or even run away from home. Many also resort to computer games, iPods, iPhones, or iPads.
7. Their parents feel more anxious and upset seeing their children’s odyssey years continue to stretch without a clear direction.
8. The author thinks as people are getting to know the odyssey years better, both parents and their children can tackle this phase better. For parents, they can understand their children more; for children, they can explore and discover themselves with a positive attitude. Ex.3
1. peculiar 2. radical 3. phase 4. sensible 5. predict
6. labeled 7. resent 8. witnessed 9. equivalent 10. parallels Ex.4 -ic
Chaotic dramatic academy -ion
Depression detection erosion
Classification confuse cooperate dictate -ist
Rightist journal Ex.5
1. journal 2. chaotic 3. cooperate 4. erosion 5. dramatic 6. confuse
7. academy 8. rightists 9. depression 10. dictate 11. detection 12. classification Ex. 6
K E A C L I G N H O Ex.7
1. saddled with 2. back off 3. gives way to 4. resorted to
5. make allowances for 6. wonder at 7. prior to 8. based upon/on Ex.8
The odyssey years are certainly a very complicated phase of life for young people. Not only do these young people need to overcome many difficulties, they also have to face many challenges from their parents. The differences between parents and children can be well observed in their completely different attitudes and views.
First, they differ in their attitude toward life. Parents always wonder what has gone wrong with the new generation. They feel that during their time, young boys and girls were better behaved, more obedient and had greater respect for elders. Young people, on the other hand, feel that they are capable enough to learn on their own rather than lean heavily on the older generation for guidance. Young people do not like to be spoon-fed by their parents.
The differences also appear in the way the two generations look at things. For example, the parents’ generation never understood Elvis and the Beatles. Because they couldn’t understand what was going on, they were frequently opposed to them and saw rock as “the devil’s music”. Young people, however, are crazy about the modern music and would love to listen to it for a hundred times a day. Wherever they go, they’ll have their iPod with them.
In conclusion, it’s very difficult for parents and their youngsters to get along due to their distinctive attitudes and the way they view things. To fill this gap, both parents and their grown children need to be more understanding to each other. Ex.9
与许多其他文化相比， 美国家庭成员的主要职责，不是在社会上或经济上提高整个家庭的地位。 人们通常认为，什么是对个人最好的要比什么是对家庭最好的更为重要。与自由相伴而来的是照顾自己的责任，因为所选择的自由承载了责任，即必须接受自己的选择所带来的后果。许多美国人给他们的孩子很多的自由，因为他们希望孩子们能够独立和自力更生。在美国人强调个人自由的同时，父母与孩子间平等的信念也对美国家庭产生了巨大的影响。 Ex. 10
Filial piety is the basic code of ethics in the ancient Chinese society. Chinese people consider filial piety as the essence of a person’s integrity, family harmony, and the nation’s well-being. With filial piety being the core of Confucian ethics, it has been the moral standard for the Chinese society to maintain the family relationship for thousands of years. It’s undoubtedly a traditional Chinese virtue. The culture of filial piety is a complex concept, rich in content and wide in range. It concludes not only cultural ideas but also institutional etiquettes. Generally speaking, it refers to the obligation of children to their parents required by the society, including respect, care, support for the elderly and so forth. Filial piety is fundamental to the ancient “Oriental civilization”.
Unit 3 Text B Finding my way back home Understanding the text 2
1. A 2. C 3. D 4. A 5. B 6. D 7. D 8. C Words in use 4
1. hollow 2. restless 3. demonstrate 4. exiled 5. miserable 6. commercial 7. hesitated 8. erupt 9. refine 10. Feasible Expression in use 5
1. are tired of 2 fall into 3 be strict with 4 not amount to much
5 drifted off 6 bonded with 7 resign himself to 8 surrender themselves to Sentence structure 6
1. The man walked slowly, with one hand pulling with effort at his coat and the other holding tightly on to his trousers.
2. With more and more students joining it, the new club soon expanded and became the largest one on the campus.
3. With the Internet becoming increasingly popular for young people to connect with their friends, letter writing is becoming less and less common. 7
1. With the traditional values in their heads, most parents found it hard to accept their children’s thinking.
2. With this kind of jeans out of fashion, young people do not like to wear them any more now. 3. With the differences in their skills and abilities, the young and the old seem to live in two very different worlds.. Collocation 8
1 fluid 2 contemporary 3 radical 4 enormous 5 prideful 6 competitive
7 rebellious 8 transition 9 unavoidable 10 traditional 11 unique 12 peculiar
Unit 4 Dance with love Text A College sweethearts
1. The author uses this sentence to tell her own love story. She didn’t expect that she would end up marrying Butch. He became her boyfriend just because of her wish to find a cute boyfriend. She didn’t really want to marry him at the beginning.
2. Because when she met up with Butch the first time, he kept staring at her all night long. He flattered her and fell in love with her at first sight. He looked really wild or maybe even dangerous.
3. Because Butch had a “bad boy image” which was very tempting to a lot of girls, and his wild, dynamic personality was a little frightening. She didn’t know whether she could be getting along with him.
4. Though she always had an excellent reputation in respect to her schoolwork, she thought that her college life was dull, with no fun. In her opinion, college was supposed to be a time of great learning and also of some fun.
5. Because she was becoming more interested in him and she wanted to find out if she was the “right” date in the eyes of Butch, thinking of herself as a traditional girl.
6. It means that Butch didn’t want to do anything to change his bad situation. The word fate here refers to the fact that Butch was going to be expelled from the university.
7. Though Butch was wild and would sometimes display directly his love in front of her friends, he was always a perfect gentleman at his core. And they had a pure and responsible relationship for seven years.
8. The author and her husband’s faithful journey of love that started with a causal attraction but bloomed into a mature love proves that romantic love can last long through the ups and downs in
life. Ex. 3
1. confess 2. tempting 3. commence 4. coordinating 5. granted
6. deserved 7. displayed 8. consequently 9. lodged 10. proceed Ex. 4 -ed
Contented compress complicate -ion
Identification justification qualification Illustration exhibit extension
Interpretation plantation perception Ex. 5
1. qualifications 2. perception 3. plantations 4. compressed 5. exhibit 6. contented 7. interpretation 8. complicate 9. illustration 10. extension 11. identification 12. justification Ex. 6
N B G I H L E M K C Ex. 7
1. on her behalf 2. took the liberty of 3. immune to 4. were filled with
5. fall in love with 6. Expelled from 7. been pessimistic about 8. go along with Ex. 9
美国和欧洲各国都会庆祝2月14日的情人节。这是一个充满爱情和浪漫的节日，恋人之间通常都会交换情人卡和爱情信物。关于这个节日的起源有着不同的说法。一个传说是罗马人把一个叫圣瓦伦丁的神父关进了监狱，因为他拒绝相信罗马神。2月14日那天，瓦伦丁被处死，不仅因为他是基督徒，而且因为他曾治愈了一位监狱看守双目失明的女儿。 他在被处死的前一晚上给她写了一封署名“你的瓦伦丁”的告别信。后来，2月14日就成了一个人们可以为他们的情人展示感情的节日。现在，人们以不同的方式庆祝情人节，他们发送贺卡、鲜花，赠送巧克力或其他礼品，或共进浪漫的晚餐。现在这个节日已流行世界各地。在中国，这个节日也越来越受年轻人的欢迎。 Ex. 10
July 7th on the Chinese calendar is Chinese Qixi Festival, the most romantic of all the traditional Chinese holidays. Every year, some big businesses organize various activities, and young people send gifts to their lovers. As a result, the Qixi Festival is considered to be Chinese “Valentine’s Day”. The Qixi Festival is derived from the legend of Cowherd and Weaving Maid. The legend holds that on this particular night every year the Weaving Maid in heaven meets with Cowherd. So, people can see Cowherd and Weaving Maid meeting in the Milky Way on the night of Qixi. On this night, girls would also beg Weaving Maid for some wisdom for a happy marriage. But, with the changing of times, these activities are diminishing. All that remains is the legend of Cowherd and Weaving Maid, a sign of faithful love, continuously circulated among the folk.
Unit 4 Text B Saving the date Reading Skills 1
1. They became romantically attracted to each other. (para.5)
2. share the dating expense or split the money with the date (para.6)
3. sharing the cost of a meal in a restaurant ( para.7)
4. a tight and uncomfortable feeling because of nervousness (para.12) 5. mark the date on the calendar (para.14) Reading comprehension Understanding the text 2
1. D 2. C 3. A 4. C 5. A 6. D 7. B 8. C Critical thinking 3
1. Males because that’s the norm.
Males because men are expected to do it that way. Both since they are on an equal basis.
Both since the traditional way is out of date.
2. Men and women are treated equally in this way. Females are not considered inferior to males. Both men and women feel more comfortable.
3. Won’t feel embarrassed when taking the initiative to date. Won’t put stress on either males or females.
Will widen the social circle and give opportunity to make more friends. Won’t feel obligated to keep a long-term relationship.
4. Both men and women can pay for a date. Both men and women can take the initiative. People are free to choose a casual or formal date. 5. Behave with respect for each other. Be honest with each other.
Be considerate and helpful to each other. Language focus Words in use 4
1. conveying 2. Forged 3. Thriving 4. Abnormal 5. frowning 6. thrilled 7. Reckoned 8. Clarified 9. Conquer 10. concealing Expressions in use 5
1. make contact with 2. took the initiative 3. are inclined to 4. thrive on 5. indifferent to 6. whip out 7. in the pit of her stomach 8. chip in Sentence structure 6
1. With online learning, there is less study in a regular classroom and more time to spend by yourself.
2. With regular exercise, you’ll have less mental stress and more physical strength. 3. With the new highway, there is less traffic and more comfort for drivers on the road. 7.
1. Ambitious as he is, he has never been able to accomplish his goal and make his parents feel
proud of him
2. Embarrassed as they were, they remained positive throughout their travels and learned from the mistakes they made along the way.
3. Hard as she tried, Jane failed to introduce her father to the joys of rock music. Collocation Warm-up
1. casual attraction 2. healthy friendship 3. romantic relationship 4. dynamic personality 5. mature love 6. mutual friends 8
1. college sweetheart 2. take the initiative 3. romantic relationship 4. steady boyfriend 5. casual attraction 6. fairy-tale romance 7. exceedingly embarrassed 8. madly in love 9. healthy friendship 10. traditional upbringing 11. mature love 12. mutual friends
Unit5 The money game
Text A Spend or save-The student’s dilemma Ex.3
1. contradict 2. paradox 3. perspective 4. explicit 5. suspended 6. derive 7. defy 8. retains 9. manipulating 10. tackle Ex4 -er
browse browser message messenger consumer consume -ion
negotiate negotiation object objection react reaction
constitute constitution cultivate cultivation define definition expand expansion
concentration concentrate civilization civilize Ex.5
1. concentrated 2. messenger 3. civilized 4. Constitution 5. browser 6. objection 7. expansion 8. consume 9. definition 10. cultivation
11. reaction 12. negotiation Ex.6
1 B 2D 3O 4E 5F 6C 7K 8H 9N 10I Ex.7
1. referred to 2 at odds with 3 put off 4 consulting with
5 do their utmost 6 took stock of 7 on track 8 take in Ex.8
It is often said that whatever wealth one may have will be gone quickly if the person only spends. However, some people think the purpose of life is to enjoy moment, so they spend all they have earned. Even though Bryan and Peter are close friends, their spending habits are very different. Bryan is very careful about using his pocket money. He only spends money when it’s necessary. For example, when his pocket money is only $50,he may spend $20 on necessary stationery for schoolwork. He will try to deposit the remaining $30 in his savings account. In his opinion, though the amount is small, it will help him for a possible rainy day since people never know what could happen in the future.
Unlike Bryan, Peter usually spends money at will. He often purchases expensive electronic products such as an iPhone and iPad. Sometimes, he might buy himself an expensive brand-name shirt or a pair of expensive brand- name shoes. Different from Byan, he never deposits extra money in a bank after meeting his basic needs. To him, saving money in a bank is something silly because he believes that he can always earn big money after he gets a decent job in the future.
All in all, Bryan and Peter are very different in the way they spend money. Spending money wisely and saving extra money for future urgent needs enable students to manage their finance and fully concentrate on their study. They will also derive great pleasure from the way they handle their money. Ex.9
大发现年代，也被称为大勘探年代，是欧洲进行全球勘查的一个历史时期，始于15世纪初并一直持续到18世纪。 这一时期通常被认为是中世纪和近代之间的桥梁， 当时西方帝国主义刚兴起，欧洲各王国之间正在经济上互相竞争，他们想通过建立贸易路线和殖民地来寻找财富。 在这一时期众多伟大的探险家中，最杰出的是克里斯托弗?哥伦布，因为他发现了新大陆。欧洲的海外扩张导致了殖民帝国的崛起，旧大陆与新大陆的接触也促进了两边的互相交换：大量的植物、动物、食物、文化等得到迁移。这代表了历史上生态、农业和文化在全球范围内最重大的活动之一。欧洲大勘探让绘制全球性的世界地图成为可能，从而使人们看到一个新的世界与古老的文明正遥相呼应。 Ex.10
The Silk Road is a traffic route in the ancient times connecting China and Eurasia. This trade route focuses on the trade of silk, hence the name “the Silk Road”. As an international trade channel and a bridge of cultural exchanges, the Silk Road effectively improved the economic and cultural exchanges and development between the East and the West, exerting a profound impact on the progress of the world civilization. Nowadays, under the new historical circumstances, our country proposes the strategy of “One Belt, One Road”(namely the Silk Road Economic Belt and the