选修八Unit 3 下载本文

人教版高中英语选修八 Unit3 Inventors and inventions 导学案 1

Unit 3 Period 1 Warming up and reading

2015-2016学年 第 二 学期 高二 年级 英语 组 编写者 司马鹤伟 审核者 毛铭钦 课型 新授课

学习目标:

1.了解科学中发现与发明创造的区别,以及发明产生的过程和专利认定的标准。 2.掌握本单元教学目的和要求中的词汇、短语的用法。 3.熟练掌握过去分词做定语、表语和宾语补足语的用法。 4.进一步熟悉打电话用语和书信格式,并懂得如何写求职信。

学习方法: 自主探究 ---小组讨论 --- 合作探究 --- 分组展示 --- 巩固训练

目标点击

distinguish___________ merciful___________ product_________ convenient___________ caution_________ expectation___________ seize___________ file_________ freezing__________ bear(bore,borne)_________ current__________ associate__________ patent_________ courtyard___________ walnut__________ powder_________ perfume___________ stainless___________ cube_________ cubic___________ abrupt______________(adv.)________________ passive_______________ merry___________(adv.)__________ valid______________ ripe__________ greengrocer____________ identification___________ dial_________ rainfall___________ innocent____________ lantern__________ jam___________ forehead__________ dynamic_____________ wire_________ straw_______________ triangle____________ stable____________ practical___________ court__________ extension___________ version_________ competence___________ personnel_______ work out_________ go through__________ call up__________ now and then_______ set about_________ in case_________ dive into_________ set out (to do)_________ hang on__________ out of order_________ get through_________ ring off_____________ ring back______ 1. The first thing I did was to see if there were any products that might help me, but there only seemed to be powders designed to kill snakes. 2. Only after you have had that recognition can you say that you are truly an inventor. 3. Nor will you receive a patent until a search has been made to find out that your product really is different from everyone else’s. 4. Follow it up, explore all around it, and before you know it, you will have something worth thinking about to occupy your mind. 5. The day is coming when telegraph wires will be laid on to houses just like water or gas. 6. The patent was given in 1876, but it was not until five days later that Bell sent his first telephone message to his assistant Watson. 重点单词 重点短语 重点句式 复习检测

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人教版高中英语选修八 Unit3 Inventors and inventions 导学案 2

I.语境填词

1. It doesn’ t make a ________ (differ) to me whether you are going to stay.

2. We should take measures to ________﹙禁止﹚returning illegal oil to dinner tables.

3. He ________﹙欠﹚ his deskmate some money. E________﹙准确地﹚speaking, 112yuan. 4. This question is quite s ,while that one is much more complicated 5. The film was a _________ (商业的) success.

6. The media has a m____ responsibility to report news truthfully.

7. In many aspects natural clones, such as identical twins, do not d____ greatly from man-made ones.

8. Her memory is so excellent that she could remember the e____ names.

9. Grey decided to move to the countryside and his wife made no o________ to it.

10. According to the constitution, it is compulsory for a citizen to u________ military service. II.选择表格内的短语填空 strike ... into your heart, cast down, in vain, in favor of, depend on, in place 1. She was _____________ by her husband's death. 2. All of them were strongly______________ the project.

3 You’d better put things back _________. Otherwise,it will be difficult to find out. 4. Whether we can go out_____________ the weather.

5. Jane, I think by doing so he is trying to _____________ terror _____________.

预习探究

自主探究 一Discuss the questions in warming up on page 19. 自主探究 二 Pre- reading

Do you know the stages every inventor must go through before they can have their invention approved?Look at the list and work out a suitable order.

Applying for a patent Finding a problem Doing research Testing the solution

Thinking of a creative solution Deciding on the invention

1__________ 2__________ 3__________

4__________ 5__________ 6__________ 来 自主探究 三Fast reading

(1)Part I (Para.1) A. The attempts to catch the snakes.

(2) Part II (Paras .2~3) B. The discovery of the problem of the snakes. (3) Part III (Paras.4~6) C. The requirement of getting a patent.

(4) Part IV (Paras.7~8) D . The research on the approaches to solving the

problem.

自主探究 四Careful reading

I. Read the passage again and then choose the best answer according to the text. (1) The purpose in writing this passage is ______.

A. to show us how to trap the snakes but not to kill them

B. to tell people how to apply for a patent of the writer’s new idea

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人教版高中英语选修八 Unit3 Inventors and inventions 导学案 3

C. to introduce the writer’s new idea of trapping the snakes and her application for a patent

D. to tell the reader how to get a new idea and make it a patent (2) What’s the biggest advantage of the writer’s new idea?

A. It makes the snakes move slowly. B. It makes the snakes hardly bite us.

C. It is easier for us to kill the snakes without killing them. D. It is easier for us to catch the snakes without killing them. (3) The snakes were finally caught by ______.

A. hitting them with a stick

B. cooling them and catching them with a net C. putting them into a schoolbag D. watering them with cool water

(4) You won’t get a patent before you ______.

A. make an invention B. catch all the snakes

C. learn to operate a computer D. get rid of your bad habits

(5) According to the text, which subject do you think can be given a patent?

A. A new star discovered by a scientist. B. A new novel written by Huo Da.

C. A new way to make dirty water clean.

D. A new kind of grass found in a mountain which can be used as a medicine. 合作探究 五 Summary

1.______the writer called up her mother in the country on the phone, she learned that snakes came near their house and they seemed 2.______ (make) their home near their house. The writer felt proud and considered 3.______ a chance for her to distinguish 4.______ by inventing something 5.______ would catch snakes but not harm them. She decided to cool them so that they could be 7.______ (easy) caught. However, her first two plans were not successful. As a result, she had to attempt 8.______ third time, which helped her fulfill her aim successfully. She was so 9.______ (delight) that she was determined to send her 10.______ (invent) to the patent office to get recognition for her successful idea.

随堂练习

I.品句填词

1.Did you take out a________(专利)on your design? 2.I was surprised by the a________ change of subject. 3.He drove his car with________(谨慎).

4.She ate a light lunch in e________ of a good dinner. 5.He buried the treasure to prevent its d________.

6.People who cannot d________ between colours are said to be colour-blind.

7.Will it be c________ for you to come in the morning?

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人教版高中英语选修八 Unit3 Inventors and inventions 导学案 4

8.S________ the chance, otherwise you'll regret it.

9.Tonight the temperature will fall to 3 degrees below f________. 10.He emphasized the i________ of careful driving.

11.Can you provide any evidence that he was i________ of the crime? 12.Most of the important cities of the world suffer from traffic j________. 13.The strong c________ carried the boat downstream. 14.We a________ China with the Greet Wall.

15.At first thought, the plan was quite________(切合实际的).

16.You will get a bank card with a Personal ________(身份)Number, which you must remember. 17.A________(稳定的) government is essential to economic growth. 18.Brody reached into the________(冰箱) and pulled out a beer.

19.The Chinese v________ of the English novel appeared in the early 1950s. 20.What c________ do you use when judging the quality of a student's work? II.语法填空

Mary will never forget the first time she saw him. He suddenly appeared in class one day, 1 (wear)sun glasses. He walked in as if he 2 (buy)the school. And the word quickly got around that he was from New York City.

For some reason he sat beside Mary. Mary felt 3 (please), because there were many empty seats in the room. But she quickly realized that it wasn’t her, it was probably the fact that she sat in 4 last row.

5 he thought he could escape attention by sitting at the back, he was wrong. It might have made it a little 6 (hard)for everybody because it meant they had to turn around, but that didn’t stop the kids in the class. Of course whenever they turned to look at him, they had to look at Mary, 7 made her feel like a star.

“Do you need those glasses for medical reasons?” the teacher asked. The new boy shook his head. “Then I’d appreciate it if you didn’t wear them in class. I like to look at your eyes when I’m

speaking to you. ”The new boy looked at the teacher 8 a few seconds and all the other students wondered 9 the boy would do. Then he took 10 off, gave a big smile and said,“That’s cool. ”

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Unit3 Period 2 Language points导学案

2015-2016学年 第 二 学期 高二 年级 英语 组 编写者司马鹤伟 审核者 毛铭钦 课型 新授课

人教版高中英语选修八 Unit3 Inventors and inventions 导学案 5

学习目标:掌握重点单词短语和句子

学习方法: 自主探究 ---小组讨论 --- 合作探究 --- 分组展示 --- 巩固训练

目标点击

重点单词 重点短语 distinguish, merciful, product, convenient, caution, expectation, seize, file, freezing, bear, current, associate work out, go through, call up, now and then, set about, in case, dive into, set out, hang on, out of order, get through, ring back, ring off 1. The first thing I did was to see if there were any products that might help me, but there only seemed to be powders designed to kill snakes. 2. Only after you have had that recognition can you say that you are truly an inventor. 3. Nor will you receive a patent until a search has been made to find out that your product really is different from everyone else’s. 重点句式 效果展示 I. 词汇知识

1. ______________ n.专利证书;专利权 2. ______________ vt. & vi. 辨别 3. ______________adj. 仁慈的;慈悲的 4. _____________n. 产品

5. _________________adj. 便利的,方便的 6. ________________ n.小心,谨慎 7._______________n. 预料,期待,期望 8. ________________n. 文件,档案, 文件夹

9. ________________adv.消极的,被动的 10. ________________n. 鉴定,辨认,确定 11. ______________vt. 抓住,捉住,夺 12. ______________ vt. 忍受 13. ____________adj. 清白的,无辜的,天真的14. ______________ adj. 冰冻的,严寒的 15. ____________adv. 高兴地,愉快地 16. ____________n. 庭院,院子,天井 17. ___________vt. 拨(电话) 18. __________n. & vt. 要求,声称,主张 II. 短语必背

1.给……打电话 ___________________ 2.偶尔,有时 _______________ 3开始,着手 _______________ 4.挂断电话 _______________

5.回复电话 _______________ 6.设法联系上,做完,通过 _________________ 7.次序颠倒,发生故障 _________________ 8.不挂断 ________________

9.开始做 ____________________ 10.迅速把手伸入,一心投入 _______________ III. 必背句型

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人教版高中英语选修八 Unit3 Inventors and inventions 导学案 6

1. 我所做的第一件事就是看看有没有什么产品能帮助我,但是,看来只有一种毒死蛇的粉药。 The first thing I did was to see if there were any products that might help me, __________________ ______________________ powders designed to kill snakes.

2. 只有在得到这种认可之后,你才可以说自己是一个真正的发明家。

________________________________________________ say that you are truly an inventor. 3. 每次你这样做的时候,你一定会发现你从未见过的东西。

______________ you do you will be certain to find something _____ you have never seen before. 4. 跟踪下去,不断探索,不知不觉中,你就会发现某种值得你思考的东西占据着你的头脑。 ____________, _____________________, ______ before you know it, you will have something worth thinking about to occupy your mind.

5. 授予专利是1876年,但五天之后贝尔才向他的助手华生发了第一个电话信息。 The patent was given in 1876, but ____________________________________________ Bell sent his first telephone message to his assistant Watson.

互动探究

I. 重点词汇

1. distinguish vt.&vi. 辨别;辨认;(常与from, between连用)区别;区分

[教材原句] Here was a chance for me to distinguish myself by inventing something merciful that would catch snakes but not harm them.

这回我有机会来表现一下自己,我要发明某种仁慈的东西,既可以把蛇抓到又不会伤害到它们。 [语境助记]

1). I can distinguish them at a distance. 从远处我能认出他们。

2). The man distinguishes himself by his wisdom这个人因智慧而扬名。 [归纳拓展]

distinguish A from B 辨别A与B be distinguished from不同于?? be distinguished by 以??为特征 distinguish oneself 显扬自己;使自己扬名 [及时应用] 根据句子的要求在括号里填入适当的介词或翻译。 ①Can you distinguish (中间) those two objects? ②Children should be taught to _______(分辨是非). ③Speech human beings (不同于?) the animals.

2. convenient adj.便利的,方便的 ____________n.便利,方便 _____________adv.便利地 [教材原句]They abruptly disappeared into a convenient hole in the wall. 它们突然一下子就消失在附近的墙洞里去了。 [语境助记]

1). Is it convenient for you to come next Sunday? 下个星期天你方便来吗?

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人教版高中英语选修八 Unit3 Inventors and inventions 导学案 7

2). I can’ t see him now; it’ s not convenient. 我现在不便见他。

[归纳拓展]

be convenient for sb.______________ It is convenient (for sb) to do sth.________________ at one’s convenience__________ for the convenience of sb.__________________ [及时应用]根据句子的要求在括号里填入适当的词或翻译。

1). Come and see me _______ _______ _______ _______ _______ (无论你何时方便). 2). We must arrange a ________ (convenience) time and place for the meeting. 3). I keep my reference books near by desk for _______ (convenient). 4).We must arrange a time and place for the meeting.

3. expectation n. 预料;期待;期望 _____________n. 期望的事物,前景 _______ v. 期望 [教材原句]This was in the expectation that the snakes would bite again. 这是因为我预料蛇还会再咬人。 [语境助记]

1). He has little expectation of passing the exam. 他对考试及格不抱希望。

2). The plan has succeeded beyond our expectation. 这项计划竟出乎我们意料地获得了成功。 3). He took an umbrella with him in expectation of rain. 他预料天会下雨,带了一把伞。

4). I usually enjoy his films, but the last one didn't come to my expectations.我向来喜欢看他的电影,但最近的一部并不像我期望的那样好。 [归纳拓展]

______ expectation 出乎意料

______ expectation of 预料,期望,指望 ______ expectation(s) 满怀期望地 come/ live up to one’s expectations 不负(某人)所望

?expectation 为不可数名词,当其意为\时,常用复数形式。 [及时应用] 完成句子:

The dog wagged its tail in ___________ (expect) of a bone. 我们在车站等着,期待她的到来。

We waited at the station her arrival.

4. call up 征召;召集服兵役;唤起;使人回忆;带入心中;打电话给某人(=ring up/ring/call) [教材原句]When I called up my mother in the countryside on the telephone she was very upset. 我给住在乡下的母亲打电话的时候,她感到很心烦。 [语境助记]

1). He called me up to tell me the good news. 他打电话给我并告诉我这个好消息。

2). I was called up three months after war broke out.. 战争爆发后的第三个月,我应征入伍。 [归纳拓展]

call back 召回;回电话;收回处理 call on sb/at sp 拜访 call for 要求,提倡,为……叫喊 call in 召集,召来,来访 call off (=cancel) 取消 call out 出动,唤起,大声叫唤 call on ...to do号召?做 [及时应用]

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人教版高中英语选修八 Unit3 Inventors and inventions 导学案 8

1). This is the work that calls _______ patience.

2). Human Rights groups are calling _______ the release of political prisoners. 3). He had to _______ the meeting because of the bad weather.

4). I’ ll call _______ him tomorrow do you want to visit him with me? 5). The company has called _______ all such models as built in 1990.

6). The government then called _______ troops to deal with the disturbances. 7). The old photo calls _______ memories of my childhood. 5. now and then 时而;偶尔;有时

[教材原句]Snakes come neat the house now and then, and they seem to have made their home here, not far from the walnut tree.

蛇不时地爬到屋子这边来,似乎是在屋子附近离胡桃树不远的地方安家了。 [语境助记]

1). Though they are very busy every day, they manage to get together now and then. 尽管他们每天非常忙,但是他们设法时不时地聚一聚。

2). I like to go to the opera now and then. 我喜欢偶尔去看歌剧。 [归纳拓展]

now (that)… 由于……; 既然...… right now(=right away)立刻,马上

by now(=up to now/till now) 到目前为止 just now 刚才

from now on 从现在开始

? Now (in the time) or never! 机不可失,时不再来 [及时应用]

1)The girl goes to visit her English teacher ______ _______ _______, who retired from school last year.

2) ______ ______ it is very cold, you should take care of yourself.

3) He ought to have arrived _______ ________. 他现在应该已经到了。

4) Sonia should have been home _______ _______. Do you think she’ s OK? 5). I hear from him ________ ________ ________ ________. 6). Please try to be more careful ________ ________ ________. 7). There’ s nothing I can do about this ________ ________.

6. set about (sth/doing sth) (不用於被动语态) 开始(某工作); 着手做某事

[教材原句]I set about researching the habits of snakes to find the easiest way to trap them. 我着手研究蛇的习性,以便能找到捕蛇的最简易的方法。 1). I must set about my packing. 我得开始收拾行李了。

2). The new government must set about finding solutions to the country’ s economic problems. 新政府必须立即找出解决国家经济问题的办法。

3). The story ______ _______ _______ Hollywood. 这个故事以好莱坞为背景。 [归纳拓展]

set aside 将某事物放在一边;(为某目的)节省或保留(钱或时间)

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人教版高中英语选修八 Unit3 Inventors and inventions 导学案 9

set sth down 将某事物记在纸上; 写下来 set out 开始做,着手进行

set off 出发,动身;使(炸弹、地雷等)爆炸

set to 精力充沛地开始做某事 set sth up 建立,创立;摆放或竖起某物;创(体育)记录 [及时应用]

1). I don’ t know how to set _______ this job.

2). She set _______ a new world record time _______ the 100 metres. 3). They set _______ on the last stage _______ their journey. 4). How do senior managers set _______ making these decisions?

5). The new government must set _______ finding solutions to the country’s problems. 6). We set _____ to paint the whole house but finished only the front part. 7). They succeeded in what they had _______ to do.

8). Having made up his mind, he _______ carrying out the plan.

9). If you want to catch that train we’ d better _______ for the station immediately. II..句型探究

1. The first thing I did was to see if there were products that might help me, but there only seemed to be powders designed to kill snakes. 我先看看有没有能派得上用场的产品,好象只有一些用来杀死蛇的药粉。 [归纳拓展]

(1) 句中but 连接两个并列分句:

a. The first thing (I did) was to see (if there were products that might help me) b. there only seemed to be powders designed to kill snakes

(2) there seemed to be 是there be 句型变体,表示“似乎有······” 1)在there be结构中,be的人称与数应遵循就近一致原则:

There was a bucket of water and two chairs in the comer of the house. There are two chairs and a bucket of water in the comer of the house. 2) there be常见的形式有:

there seems to be.../there happens to be.../there used to be... 3) seem的归纳总结:

① sth./sb. seem (to be)+adj./n. 好像 ② It seems that... 似乎,好像??

③ It seems to sb that... 在某人看来好像??

④ It seems as if/as though... 看起来好像(后可接虚拟语气,这可接表真实的表语从句。) It seems as if it were going to rain. 看起来好像要下雨了。(天气好得很,不会下雨。) It seems as if it is going to rain. 看起来好像要下雨了。(真的快要下雨了。) ⑤ There seems (to be)…… 好象?? [即时应用]

1). There _______ (stand) a big tree in front of our building.

2). The child seems _______ (be) healthy, but the doctor is concerned. 3). It seems to me _______ there’ s something funny about the case. 4). There doesn’ t seem _______ (be) much hope that he’ ll come. 5). There ______ (be) no bus, we had to walk home.

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人教版高中英语选修八 Unit3 Inventors and inventions 导学案 10

6). There ______ (live) an old man and his two sons and they live by fishing.

2. Between the outside and inside walls of the bowl there is some jelly, which freezes hard when cooled. 在碗的内外壁中间有些果冻,当冷冻时就会变得非常硬。 [归纳拓展]

when cooled的构成:连词+过去分词,相当于when 引导的状语从句when it is cooled

如果when/while引导的时间状语从句中的主语与主句的主语相同, 且含be, 常常可用when/while + 现在分词短语或者过去分词短语的结构来代替。

1). When offered help, you should say “thank you” or “it’s very kind of you”.

= When you are offered help, you should say “thank you” or “it’s very kind of you”. 2). You must be careful when crossing the street. = You must be careful when you cross the street. 3). Seen from the hill, the city is beautiful.

= If/When the city is seen from the hill, the city is beautiful. 4). Seeing from the hill, you call see that the whole city is beautiful.

= If/When you see from the hill, you can see that the whole city is beautiful. [即时应用]

1). Once _______ (publish), this novel will be very popular! 2). _______ (tell) many times, he still couldn’ t understand.

3). The girls are talking excitedly, _______ (follow) their teacher.

3. Only after you have had that recognition can you say that you are truly an inventor. 只有在得到这种认可之后,你才可以说自己是一个真正的发明家。 [归纳拓展] 此结构属于only+状语 置于句首时倒装:当句首状语由only+副词、only+介词短语、only+状语从句 构成时,句子需进行部分倒装。

Only in this way _____ _____ _____ this problem. 只有用这种方法,你才可以解决这个问题。 Only after he had spoken out the word _______ ________ ________ he had made a big mistake. 直到已经说出那个字后,他才意识到自己犯了个大错误。 [即时应用]

1) Only after talking to two students ______ _______ ________ that having strong motivation is one of the biggest factors in reaching goals. 在与两位学生谈过之后我才发现有强烈的动机是实现自己目标的最大的因素之一。

2) Only after you have reach eighteen ______ ______ ______ the army. 只有当你年满十八周岁后,你才能参军。

3) Only then ______ _______ ________ the importance of learning. 直到那时我才知道了学习的重要性。

4) The pilot told us that everything was OK. Only then ______ _______ _______ how dangerous the situation had been. 飞行员告诉我们一切正常了,直到那时我才意识到之前的危险情况。 4. Nor will you receive a patent until a search has been made to find out that your product really is different from everybody else’s. 你的产品要经过仔细检查,证明它确实是与众不同的,你才能获得专利。

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人教版高中英语选修八 Unit3 Inventors and inventions 导学案 11

[归纳拓展]

表示否定意义的副词nor置于句首时,句子要用部分倒装,这类否定副词还有barely, hardly, little, seldom, scarcely…when, no sooner…than, hardly…when, never, rarely, not only等。 Little ______ ______ ______ he is a spy. 我一点也没想到他是个间谍。

No sooner ______ ______ ______ the room than the phone rang. 我一进屋电话铃就响了。 The headmaster will not permit the change in the course, not ______ ______ ______ it a thought. 校长既不会允许课程上的变革,也不会对其予以考虑。 [即时应用]选择:

1) Maybe you have been to many countries, but nowhere _____.

A. can you find B. you can find 2) We never saw Aunt Liu again, ______.

A. nor we heard from her B. nor heard we from her 3) Neither ______ eat, nor ______ drink.

A. the old lady could, could she B. could the old lady, could she 4)Hardly ______ the hall ______ the lights went out.

A. had we entered, when B. we had entered, before 5) Not only ______ sing folk songs, but also ______ perform folk dances. A. can my son, he can B. can my son, can he 6) Not until ______ eighty ______ writing.

A. was he, he stopped B. he was, did he stop 7) At no time______ the first to use nuclear weapons.

A. China will be B. will China be

随堂练习

I. 品词填空

1. The packet of white p _____ the police found in his room turned out to be cocaine. 2. It is required that you should show your i________ card when buy ticket

3. He _____ (声称) to be an insurance salesman but later was found to be a policeman. 4. Here are our _____ (文件)on the results of the business.

5. The deepest secret is that life is not a process of _____ (发现),but a process of creation. 6. You should not brake the car ________(猛然) on an icy road.

7. But,on the other hand,as our standards of life skyrocket (飞涨),so do our _____ (期望). 8. The word “head” has several meanings which must be carefully d _____ from each other. 9. We have provided seats for the _____ (方便) of our customers. 10. The police s________ an escaping convict.

11. In my father's opinion, only by facing difficulties bravely and_________ (抓住)opportunities can one succeed.

12. The________(仁慈的)king saved the young officers from death. 13. We could hear them singing and dancing m______. II.短语识境

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人教版高中英语选修八 Unit3 Inventors and inventions 导学案 12 call up set about now and then pick up distinguish oneself get rid of fill in a matter of work out ① They have sent us another form to_________ . ② Planning a project is just _________ working out the right order to do things in. ③ They _________ making preparations for spring sowing.

④ The smell of the sea _________ happy memories of my youth. ⑤ This young man _________ for his inventions.

⑥ She is busy with her job and only comes home_________.

⑦ It's really lucky for John to _________ that old vase quite cheaply at an auction sale.

⑧ It is as hard to persuade men to _________ smoking as it is to keep women from going shopping. 9 We must _________ a plan acceptable to all as quickly as we can. ○

III翻译句子

1.There are some people who ____________________ other people's affairs. 有些人就是特别喜欢打听别人的事。

2.五年前这儿好像有条河,现在那里已建起了三座建筑物。

____________________________________ five years ago, where three buildings have been set up now.

3. 这个玩笑开得不太得当。

This joke is rather________________.

4.他发现当他把嘴唇放在母亲的前额上,他就会让骨头以一种能让他母亲明白他说的话的方式运动。

He found that __________, he could make the bones move in __________ a __________ that she could understand what he was saying. 5.你上午来,方便吗?

_____________________ in the morning?

6.根据语境,用set的相关短语完成下面的小片段

去年,汤姆开始着手写一部小说,这个小说以古伦敦为背景。故事中一个曾经对城堡放火的人刚刚从监狱里释放出来,他决定为他儿子存点钱,于是出发到伦敦去挣钱。

Last year, Tom ____________________________ a novel, which ____________________ old London. In his story, a man who once ______________ a castle was just ______________ from prison and decided to______________ some money for his son, so he______________ for London to earn money.

7. Your application will be kept___________. 你的申请书将存档。

8.飞机驾驶员要乘客们放心。这时我才明白刚才的情况有多危险。

The pilot reassured the passengers. ___________________________how dangerous the situation had been.

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人教版高中英语选修八 Unit3 Inventors and inventions 导学案 13

Unit5 Period 3 Grammar 导学案

2015-2016学年 第二 学期 高二 年级 英语 组 编写者 司马鹤伟 审核者 毛铭钦 课型 新授课

学习目标: 了解并掌握过去分词(v-ed)的用法

学习方法:自主探究 ---小组讨论 --- 合作探究 --- 分组展示 --- 巩固训练

复习检测

Ⅰ.词汇知识

1.___________(v.) 忍受,忍耐 2.___________(n.) 灯笼 3.___________(adj.) 清白的,无罪的 4.___________(n.) 法庭,审判室 5.___________(vt.) 拨(电话) 6.___________(n.) 鉴定,辨认,确定 7.___________(adj.) 冰冻的,严寒的 8.___________(n.) 胶 9.___________(n.) 预料,期待,期望 10. _____________( adj.) 熟的,成熟的 11._____________( adj.) 有效的,确凿的 12.________(n.& v.) 档案,文件;提交,归档 13.___________(n.& v.) 要求,声称,主张 14.___________(n.) 标准,尺度 15. ___________(n.) 认出,承认; 16._____________(vt.) 捉住,抓住,夺 17.___________(adv.)高兴地 18.____________(n.) 小心,谨慎 II .单句填空

1.It is hard to distinguish him ______ his twin brother.

2.The secretary arranged a _________ (convenience) time and place for the applicants to have an interview.

3.To their disappointment, the result was contrary to their ________ (expect). 4.The deserted girl was adopted by a _______ (mercy) old couple. 5.He seized her ______ her hand and shook it heartily.

6. I will be grateful if you can consider accepting me and calling me ______. 7. On hearing someone come to visit him, he set ______ clearing his messy room. 8. No one would have dreamed of there ______ (be) such a good place.

互动探究

动词的ed 形式也是非谓语动词的一种 ,它具有动词的一 些特点 ,同时也具有

形容词 、副词的句法功能 ,在句中可用作表语 、定语 、状语和宾语补足语等。

【动词的ed 形式的用法】

动词ed 形式在句中主要起形容词和副词的作用,可 以作定语 、表语 、状语和补语。 (一 )动词的一ed 形式作表语

1.在连系动词后作表语,说明主语的状态。

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人教版高中英语选修八 Unit3 Inventors and inventions 导学案 14

The students are fully______ (prepare).学生们已做好了充分的准备。

When we got there,the shop was______ (close).我们到那儿时,商店已经关门了。

She felt ______ (satisfy) with her performance on the high —and—low bars.她对自己在高低杠上的表现感到很满意。

Hearing the news,he looked______ (disappoint).听到这个消息,他看起来非常失望。

? 要把v-ed 形式作表语和被动语态区别开来。作表语表示状态,被动语态中则表示被动动作 All the doors are______ (lock).所有的门都是锁着的。(作表语,表示______)

All the doors were______ (lock) by the guard.所有的门都被卫兵锁上了。(被动语态,表示_____) Peter the G reat is ______ (bury) here.彼得大帝就埋葬在这里。(一ed 形式作表语,表示______) Peter the Great was ______ (bury) here in 1725。彼得大帝于 1725 年被埋葬在这里。(被动语态,表示______) 2.同一动词的ed 形式与ing 形式作表语 时的区别

动词的ed 形式作表语 ,主要表示主语的心理感觉或所处的状态,含有被动的意思,而ing 形式作表语多表示主语具有的特征,含有主动的意思。

They were frightened to hear the ______ (frighten) sound.他们听到那可怕的声音很害怕。 At the sight of the ______ (move) scene, all the people present were______ (move). 看到这么动人的情景 ,所有在场的人都感动了。 (二)动词的一ed 形式作宾语补足语

当作宾语补足语的动词和前面的宾语之间是被动关系时,一般应用动词ed形式作宾语补语 。 1.在感官动词 see, hear, feel, notice, watch, find 后作宾语补足语。

I heard the Ninth Symphony ______ (play) last night.昨晚我听了第九交响乐的演奏。 We found all the rivers seriously______ (pollute).我们发现所有的河流都被严重污染了。

Yesterday I noticed a little girl ______ (catch) stealing in the shop. 昨天我在商店里注意到一个小女孩偷东西被抓住了。

He felt his collar ______ (pull) by someone from behind. 他感觉到衣领被人从后面拉了一下。 2.在使役动词 get,have,make,leave,keep 等后作宾语补足语。

Doris got her bad tooth______ (pull) out in the hospita1.多丽丝在医院把坏牙拔了。 I’11 just get these dishes______ (wash) and then I'll come.我得先把盘子洗了,然后就来。

He raised his voice in order to make himself _____ (hear).他提高了嗓门为了使别人听清他的讲话 You should make your views ______ (know)to the public.你应该让公众知道你的观点。 3.动词的ed 形式也可用在with (without)结构中,作介词的宾语补足语。

With everything we11______ (arrange),he left the office.一切都安排妥善之后,他离开了办公室。 She has come back with her backpack______ (fill) with interesting picture books.

她已经回来了,背包里塞满了有趣的图书。 Without any grain______ (leave) in the house,the little girl had to go begging.

家里没有粮食,小女孩只好出去讨饭 。 Without any more time______ (give), w e couldn’t finish the task in three weeks. 如果不再给我们任何时间的话 .我们三星期之内完成不了任务 。

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人教版高中英语选修八 Unit3 Inventors and inventions 导学案 15

4.某些动词后(如want,need,prefer,would like 等),作宾语补足语的不定式被动形式省

略“to be”,就成了一ed 形式作宾语补足语 。

1 would like this matter (to be) ______ (settle) immediately.我希望这事立即得到解决。 I'd prefer this book ______ (translate) by my sister.我情愿让我妹妹来翻译这本书。

W e need the work (to be)______ (finish) by Saturday.我们需要这项工作周六之前完成。The peasants don’t want good farm land (to be)______ (build) on. 农民们不想让好好的农田被用来建造子。 (三 )动词的一ed 形式作定语

动词的ed 形式作定语修饰名词分为前置和后置两类: 1.前置定语

单个的动词的一ed 形式作定语一般放在被修饰的名词之前,作前置定语

A ______ (watch) pot never boils.心急锅不开。 All the ______ (break) doors and windows have been repaired.所有的坏门窗都修好了。 When we arrived, we each were given a______ (print) question paper.

我们到达的时候,每人被发给了一份印制好的试卷。 ? 提 示 :如要表示强调,单个动词一ed 形式也可作后置定语

Money ______ (spend) is more than money______ (eran).入不敷出。 2.后 置 定语

作后置定语的一ed 形式一般都带有修饰语或其他成分,在语法上相当于一个定语从句。 We have read many novels ( ) by this author. 我们读过这个作家写的许多小说。(=that are written bv this author) Half of the honoured guests ( )to the reception were foreign ambassadors.被邀请到招待会上的贵宾有一半都是外国大使。(=who had been invited to the reception)

随堂练习

I. 用所给词的适当形式填空

1. Today there are more airplanes ________ (carry) more people than ever before in the skies. 2. Last night, there were millions of people ________ (watch) the opening ceremony live on TV. 3. There are still many problems ________ (solve) before we are ready for a long stay on the Moon. 4. There's a note pinned to the door ________ (say) when the shop will open again.

5. The producer comes regularly to collect the cameras________ (return) to our shop for quality problems.

6. Amie Salmon, disabled, is attended throughout her school days by a nurse________ (appoint) to guard her.

7. The film star wears sunglasses. Therefore, he can go shopping without________ (recognize). 8. It's standard practice for a company like this one________ (employ) a security officer.

9. For those with family members far away, the personal computer and the phone are important in staying________ (connect).

10. While waiting for the opportunity to get ________ (promote) ,Henry did his best to perform his duty.

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人教版高中英语选修八 Unit3 Inventors and inventions 导学案 16

11. The manager was satisfied to see many new products________ (develop) after great effort.

12. It’s quite hot today. Do you feel like________ (go) for a swim?

13. ________ (understand) your own needs and styles of communication is as important as learning to convey your affection and emotions.

14. When we saw the road ________ (block) with snow, we decided to spend the holiday at home. 15. The engine just won't start. Something seems ________ (go) wrong with it.

16. ________ (hear) how others react to the book you have just read creates an added pleasure. 17. Volunteering gives you a chance ________ (change) lives, including your own.

18. In some languages, 100 words make up half of all words________ (use) in daily conversations. 19. The room is empty except for a bookshelf________ (stand) in one corner.

20. Laura was away in Paris for over a week. When she got home, there was a pile of mail________ (wait) for her.

Ⅱ.语法填空

We can choose our friends. True friends share happiness and sorrow 1 each other. We can do anything for our family and always put them in the first place and they do the same thing for us too. However, when we are living in an apartment building 2 living in a community, usually we can’t choose our neighbors. So 3 (get) a happy home life, we have to get along with them as well as possible.

An important quality in a neighbor is 4 (considerate) for others. People should not do things that will disturb their neighbors. For example, television sets need not to 5 (play) at full volume and loud pop music should not be played very late at night. By avoiding things likely to upset your neighbors, you can enjoy 6 friendly relationship with them.

An equally important quality is 7 (tolerant). Neighbors should do all they can to avoid 8 (disturb) other people, but there are times when some level of disturbance is unavoidable. If neighbors want to get along 9 (good) with each other, they have to show their tolerance. If all the people can try to put themselves in their neighbors’ positions, or even in other people’s

positions, then there won’t be quarrels and misunderstandings and in this way, everyone will live in 10 (peaceful).

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人教版高中英语选修八 Unit3 Inventors and inventions 导学案 17

Unit 5 Period 4 Using language

2015-2016学年 第 二 学期 高二 年级 英语 组 编写者 司马鹤伟 审核者 毛铭钦 课型 新授课

学习目标: 1. To know the life of Alixander Graham Bell

2. To know the usage of some important words

学习方法:自主探究 ---小组讨论 --- 合作探究 --- 分组展示 --- 巩固训练

目标点击

current(n.) ______ (adj.) ______ associate (vt.) ______ (n.)______ forehead(n.) ______ dynamic(adj.) ______ stable(adj.) ______ personnel(n.) ______ competence(n.) ______ version(n.) ______ extension(n.) ______ practical(adj.) ______ court(n.) ________ dive into______ set out (to do)______ hang on______ ring off______ ring back______ get through______ out of order_______ Follow it up, explore all around it, and before you know it, you will have something worth thinking about to occupy your mind. 5. The day is coming when telegraph wires will be laid on to houses just like water or gas. 6. The patent was given in 1876, but it was not until five days later that Bell sent his first telephone message to his assistant Watson. 重点单词 重点短语 重点句式 复习检测 用所给动词的正确形式填空

1. The strong c________ carried the boat downstream.

2. At first thought, the plan was quite________(切合实际的).

3. You will get a bank card with a Personal ________(身份)Number, which you must remember. 4. A________(稳定的) government is essential to economic growth.

5. The Chinese v________ of the English novel appeared in the early 1950s.

6. ________ (understand) your own needs and styles of communication is as important as learning to convey your affection and emotions.

7. The film star wears sunglasses. Therefore, he can go shopping without________ (recognize).

8. Amie Salmon, disabled, is attended throughout her school days by a nurse________ (appoint) to guard her.

9. To their disappointment, the result was contrary to their ________ (expect). 10.We have provided seats for the _____ (方便) of our customers.

预习探究

探究 一 Read the text and find the main idea of the text.

It mainly talks about ______________ Alexander Graham Bell and how he ________________. 探究 二 Read the passage and if the following statements are T or F.

1. Alexander Graham Bell was born in 1847 in Boston, USA. ( )

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2. Bell’s mother was completely deaf, but with the help of Bell, she could hear what Bell said.

人教版高中英语选修八 Unit3 Inventors and inventions 导学案 18

( )

3. It was Bell’s interest and curiosity that led to the invention of the telephone. ( )

4. In order to improve his invention, Bell made Morse code. ( ) 5. Bell invented the telephone by chance because he had meant to improve the telegraph. ( ) 6. Right after he invented the telephone, he successfully sent a message to his assistant Watson.( ) 7. He invented the helicopter and other flying machine. ( ) 8. Bell is respected for he devoted all himself to improving everybody’s life. ( ) 探究三 重点单词和短语

1. bear vt. (bore, born/borne) 忍受,忍耐;承担,承受;结果实;生(小孩) [教材原句] I cannot bear the smell of burnt sausage on the barbecue. 我忍受不了烤肉架上烤香肠的焦味。

[语境助记]Why do I have to ______ all the costs of repair? 为什么我要负担所有的维修费? She was unable to bear him ______ (treat) her like that. 她再也受不了他那样对待她了。 He can’t bear ______________________ (laugh). 他不能容忍被嘲笑。 [归纳拓展] bear (doing/ to do) sth. 忍受(做)某事 bear (sb. /sb’s) dong sth 忍受某人做某事

? 提 示 :(1)作“忍受”解时,常与can, could 连用,用于疑问句或否定句中,近义词有tolerate, stand, endure 等。(2)borne 与born 是bear 的两个过去分词,表“出生”时用born,且仅用于被动语态;表“生育”时用borne。 [即时应用]

I cannot bear ______ (sleep) in a cold bed. Obviously, Yao Chen couldn't b________the fact that screenwriter Ning was arrested by the police. 2.stable adj. 稳定的;稳固的;安定的

[教材原句] Being very stable, it has proved invaluable in the design of bridges.

这种四面体非常稳定,被证明是在桥梁设计中的无价之宝。

[语境助记] The ladder doesn't seem very______. 这个梯子好像不太稳。 stable

This is a politically ______ country. 这是一个政治上稳定的国家。 stable

[归纳拓展] stability n. 稳定(性)

stabilize v. 稳定;稳固

stably adv. 稳定地;沉稳地

[即时应用] 用恰当词语填空:

1) Normal walking pace will allow your heart rate and blood pressure to______.

2) The Chinese people are longing for and try their best to build a society so that they can live . (stable) 3. associate vt. 联想,联系

[教材原句] Although he is most often associated with the invention of the telephone, he was indeed a continuing searcher after practical solutions to improve the quality of everybody’s life.

虽然人们常把他与电话的发明连在一起,但是他的确是一位永不停息的探索家,不断寻求着改善人们生活质量的途径。

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人教版高中英语选修八 Unit3 Inventors and inventions 导学案 19

[语境助记]

I’ve never associated you with this place. 我从未把你和这个地方联系在一起。

To some people, happiness is ______ ______ money. 对一些人来说,幸福是与钱联系在一起的。 [归纳拓展]

associate… with… 把…… 和……联系起来 [即时应用]

1) Never _________ with bad companions.

2)The book was published in _________ with a British_________.

3)I always ________________________ my visit to Hawaii. (associate)

听到那首歌我就会联想到我的夏威夷

4. set out (to do sth.) 开始(做某事), 着手干; 为某个目标而努力

[教材原句] Bell never set out to invent the telephone and what he was trying to design was a multiple telegraph. 贝尔从未打算发明电话而是试图设计一种复式电报。 [语境助记]

They ________________ a new experiment. 他们正在着手做一项新的试验。

He ___________________ the record for the channel swim. 他决心打破游过海峡的记录。 [归纳拓展]

set out to do sth. = set about doing sth. 开始着手做?? set out for = set off for = leave for 出发到??去 [即时应用]

1) They set about to _______ (work) at about 8 o’clock.

2)At dawn, they set out ______ (get)ready for the work of the day. 5. get through 通过 完成 到达 用完 电话接通 [教材原句] I can’t get through. 我打不通电话。 [语境助记]

I’ve ______ ______ a lot of correspondence today. 今天我处理了一大批信件。

I tried ringing you several times yesterday but I couldn’ t ______ ______ (to you). 昨天我给你打了几次电话, 可是都没(和你)接通。

We were all delighted when we heard you ______ ______ ______ the exam. 听到你通过考试时,我们都很高兴。 [归纳拓展]

get (sth) across (to sb)(使某事)传播或为人理解 get ahead (of sb) 领先(於某人) get along with sb 与某人合得来;与某人和睦相处 get on/along with sth 取得进展 get away (from...) 逃离或摆脱开(某人或某地) get over sth (=overcome) 克服;战胜; get down to sth/doing sth 开始做某事;重视某事物;认真处理某事 [即时应用]

1). If you cheat in the exam you’ ll never _______ _______ _______ it. 2). He’ s not very good at _______ his ideas _______.

3). It’ s time I _______ _______ (认真干) some serious work.

4). He was disappointed at not getting the job, but he’ ll ______ ______ it. 探究四 句型探究

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人教版高中英语选修八 Unit3 Inventors and inventions 导学案 20

[教材原句] ...but it was not until five days later that Bell sent his first telephone message to his

assistant Watson. ?但是贝尔是在五天以后才跟他的助手华生通了第一次电话。 【解析】该句是\被强调部分+that+其他\结构。 句中用了\的强调句结构,此句型只用until,不用till。但如果不是用在强调句型中,till与until可通用;另外主句中的否定词not 要提出来,放在until之前一起强调,因此that后面的从句要用肯定句,不能再用否定句。 [语境助记]

He _____________________ his wife came back. = _____________ his wife came back he went to bed. 直到他的妻子回来他才睡觉。

? 提 示 :not until 置于句首时,要用部分倒装句型,这时要注意从句不倒装,只倒装主句。 [即时应用]

1) Not until last week ___________the lost bike. 直到上个星期他们才找到丢失的自行车。 2) Not until my son had entered the university __________ the importance of time.

我的儿子直到上了大学之后才意识到时间的重要性。

随堂练习

语法填空:

Mary will never forget the first time she saw him. He suddenly appeared in class one day, 1 (wear)sun glasses. He walked in as if he 2 (buy)the school. And the word quickly got around that he was from New York City.

For some reason he sat beside Mary. Mary felt 3 (please), because there were many empty seats in the room. But she quickly realized that it wasn’t her, it was probably the fact that she sat in 4 last row.

5 he thought he could escape attention by sitting at the back, he was wrong. It might have made it a little 6 (hard)for everybody because it meant they had to turn around, but that didn’t stop the kids in the class. Of course whenever they turned to look at him, they had to look at Mary, 7 made her feel like a star.

“Do you need those glasses for medical reasons?” the teacher asked. The new boy shook his head. “Then I’d appreciate it if you didn’t wear them in class. I like to look at your eyes when I’m

speaking to you. ”The new boy looked at the teacher 8 a few seconds and all the other students wondered 6 the boy would do. Then he took 10 off, gave a big smile and said,“That’s cool. ”

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人教版高中英语选修八 Unit3 Inventors and inventions 导学案 21

Unit5 单元基础知识过关检测

2015-2016学年 第二 学期 高二 年级 英语 组 编写者 司马鹤伟 审核者 毛铭钦 课型 练习课

Ⅰ. 单词拼写

1.Petrol is the most important ________(产品)of many Middle East countries. 2.Then,_____ (突然地),he stopped and,without a word,left the room. 3.They asked her to be (仁慈的) to the prisoners. 4.The old woman held the vase with _____________ (谨慎) which was passed on from generation to generation.

5.My way of thinking might be different from yours,but it’s equally _____ (妥当的;有确实根据的).

6.Housing prices in big cities have become more_________(稳定的)after the new policy was issued. 7.All the people present the meeting were in favor of the plan because it was_________ (实用的).

8.Please come to cinema to see the film Where are we going, Dad? with your son whenever it is c_____________ for you.

9.What do you ________ (联想;联系) with such a heavy snow?

10.The word “head” has several meanings which must be carefully d _____ from each other.

11. Fortunately, the witness appeared in the_________ (法庭),which made everyone present relaxed.

12.The professor advised us to read the English_________(版本)of Jane Eyre to know more of British Literary.

13.Have you seen the c _____ issue of Times magazine?

14.For more information about the job? please contact the p________ manager. 15.The police________(抓住)an escaping convict. 16. The accused man proved his i______ of crime.

17. Don't watch TV while___________ (do) your homework.

18. Even if___________ (invite) to, I won't go to such a bad lecture. Ⅱ.用所给短语的适当形式填空 set about ring off decide on get through now and then get away with distinguish from get across set down dive into 1.I’d better __________now because the baby is crying. (ring) 2. After the earthquake, the people ___________ rebuilding their homes.

3. Ralph W. Emerson would always ___________ new ideas that occurred to him.

4. The Smiths' twins are so similar that it's often difficult to_______ one ______ from the other. 5. I hear from him every___________.

6. How can I ___________it ___________to you people how important this is? 7. For such a serious mistake he was lucky to ___________ a fine.

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人教版高中英语选修八 Unit3 Inventors and inventions 导学案 22

8. Tony _______ his bag and took out a couple of coins.

9. We are still trying to ________ a venue.

10. I've been trying to phone Charles all evening, but there must be something wrong with the network. I can't seem to___________. Ⅳ. 完成句子

1.下次你来的时候,会见到他的。

________________________,you will see him.

2.飞机驾驶员要乘客们放心。这时我才明白刚才的情况有多危险。

The pilot reassured the passengers. ___________________________how dangerous the situation had been. Only then did I realize 3. 他忍受不了被人取笑。

He can't ___________ laughed at/___________laughed at. 4.昨天我一眼就认出了她。

I recognized her___________ I saw her yesterday.

5.它十分稳定牢固,在桥梁设计领域的价值被证明难以估量。__________, it has been proved invaluable in the design of bridges.

6. 必要时,你可以帮我们做点儿事。

________________,you can help us to do something. 7. 一直到所有的要求遭到拒绝之后,工人们才决定罢工。

___________________________________ did the workers decide to go on strike. 8. He found __________ (他的家乡变了很多). 9. 直到第二天,我才明白事情的真相。

It was ____________________________________ the truth. V.短文改错

1. Do you know how it is that cats eat first and wash their hands and faces afterwards? One day a

unlucky mouse was just about to be eaten with a cat. The mouse was quick-minded. He say to the cat, \ all? Everyone knows you should wash your hands and face before you eat.\ran off, and so the cat lost her meal. Ever since then cats have been eaten first and washed them afterwards.

2. It’s said that in 300 AD, there was a kind old man name Saint Nicholas. He was always ready to help the poor and often gave them to presents. Today, Father Christmas are an imaginary figure, but nearly all young children believe in them. They think he is happy old man with a long white beard and a red robe. In the night of December 24 every year, Father Christmas comes up the chimney of the fireplace to put presents by the children’s beds of or fill their stockings. So while children go to bed that night, they hang up their stockings, and on Christmas morning they woke to find them full of presents. Of course, it’s really their parents who fill the stocking.

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